The Balochistan population (Baloch, Pashtun, Brahvi, Hazarra and settlers) are not adequately represented in the Federal decision and policy making, economic exploitation which is akin to the circumstances surrounding the 1971 East Pakistan debacle.
The fact is that the 1973 Constitution is contradictory in its articles and fundamental rights enshrined in it. Articles 1, 246, 247 and 245 as examples are relevant in this regard.
Balochistan has 30 districts but only 14 seats in the National Assembly. Clause 7 of the Kalat State Accession document signed by Jinnah and Khan of Kalat, witnessed by A.B.S. Shah, Foreign secretary of Pakistan, called for special provisions in relation to any Constitution of the Dominion not being applicable to Kalat without approval of the Kalat State’s Parliament which had been the democratic governance structure of Kalat since 1666 when Nasir Khan the first (Khan of Kalat), developed the loose Confederation of all Baloch tribes in form the Union of Kalat States. The houses were called ‘Dar-ul-Umra’ Upper house and ‘Dar-ul-Awam” lower house.
In the historical context, all genuine demands for the socio-economic and political rights of the Baloch were answered with bullets, hangings, incarcerations, dismissal of elected governments, 4 resistance wars, 1948, 1958, 1962-68, 1973-77 and the present day situation of over 450 mutilated bodies dumped at desolated places, over 1,300 still missing.
Naturally the Baloch youth is fighting back and demanding independence when you have pushed them to the wall, killed their genuine political leadership and handed over control of Balochistan to the FC, ISI, MI and IB who are running a parallel government.
What have the Baloch done to deserve this kind of treatment. In 1947 when Pakistan had no funds to run its government it was Jinnah’s friend and client, Khan of Kalat, Ahmed Yar Khan, who gave the Pakistan State a ton of gold to meet its expenses.
Until 2007, there was no hatred between the Punjabi’s and Baloch. It was only after the extra judicial murder of Nawab Akbar Bugti that this hatred was propagated by the establishment. The Punjabis came to Balochistan in 1901 as railway labor when the British were making the railway for their army to be able to get to Chaman for their invasion of Afghanistan. Since then to 2007 they were never harmed.