The war of words between the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the MQM intensified early January 2011 after leaders of both parties started making personal attacks on each others’ leaders.
PML-N leader Chaudhry Nisar said that the MQM was a party of “dacoits”, adding that a person who was sitting abroad for the past 19 years could not bring a revolution in Pakistan.
Separately, commenting on Nisar’s comments, MQM’s Haider Abbas Rizvi said the PML-N was the first to make personal attacks on the MQM leadership. He also referred to Nisar as “Mr Bean”. He said the PML-N leaders would not find a place to stand in the country if a “Pandora’s box was opened”. He said the PML-N leaders used to meet with generals in the dark of night, adding that the PML-N chief was General Jilani’s production, General Zia’s follower and was grateful to General Musharraf.
MQM’s Waseem Akhtar said Nisar was bald and had put on a wig, while Nawaz and Shahbaz both got hair transplants during their forced stay in England. He said it seemed they wanted to have “some romantic affairs”.
The MQM leaders accused the Sharifs of having “weird likes”, as at a women’s convention, Nawaz had compared himself to Shahjahan and his wife to Mumtaz Mahal. They even went to the extent of saying that Nawaz’s daughter had left the house to force the family to get her married to her father’s ADC.
They threatened that both the Sharifs would not be allowed to come to Karachi in future unless they apologised for the indecent language against their party chief.
Chaudhry Nisar, while talking to reporters outside the Parliament House, accused Altaf Hussain of undergoing treatment for a mysterious “manly disease” in London, and said if the MQM did not stop using indecent language against the Sharifs, his party would make public the records of that rehab centre. Nisar even asked Altaf to apologise to the nation for all his political, financial and moral ills.
MQM leaders asked how the Sharif brothers had made property worth millions and become owners of 25 factories. He further asked which medical treatment Shahbaz received from London, adding that sex stimulants were recovered from Nawaz’s secretariat when Musharraf took over.
Mian Mohammad Sharif, father of Nawaz Sharif and his six brothers founded Ittefaq foundry in 1939. The House of Ittefaq, the industrial conglomerate of Nawaz Sharif’s family is not unity anymore and 119 offspring’s siblings and spouses of the seven founding brothers are currently battling in courts for the division of the assets of the Ittefaq group.
The House of Ittefaq claims to have lost an industrial unit in East Pakistan, besides losing Ittefaq foundry to Bhutto’s nationalization. In the aftermath of nationalization Mian Mohammad Sharif tried luck in UAE where he set up a steel re-rolling mills. He is reported to have told his family that while leaving for UAE that he would not return till the mill was ready. The factory was therefore, completed on time but proved too taxing for aging Mian Sharif in an unfamiliar enviroment and therefore, he returned after operating it for about a year or two.
Lady luck smiled on the Sharif family when in late 1970′s General Zia ul Haq returned them Ittefaq foundry and Nawaz Sharif was appointed finance minister in the Punjab cabinet. By that time the House of Ittefaq comprised of following five enterprises.
Nawaz Shahbaz Enterprise
Ittefaq Brothers (Pvt) Ltd
Khalid Siraj Industries (Pvt) Ltd
New industrial units were set up with electrifying speed in the 1980′s while Nawaz Sharif was the finance minister and later chief minister of Punjab.
Ittefaq Sugar Mills was set up in 1982, Brothers steel in 1983, Brother’s Textile Mills in 1986, Ittefaq Textile units in 2-3 in 1987, Khalid Siraj Textile Mills in 1988.
During Benazir’s first tenure, when Nawaz Sharif was the uncrowned King of the Punjab, the group started work on Brothers Sugar Mills and Ramzan Sugar Mills which turned out to be the last project set up under the banner of Ittefaq.
After Nawaz Sharif became PM in 1990, Mian Mohammad Sharif switched over to setting up projects independent of the other partners, thus laying the grounds for split. The group took a decision to secure project loans from foreign banks and only working capital was taken from the nationalized commercial banks. The project financing from foreign banks was ostensibly secured against the foreign currency deposits, a number of which were held in benamee accounts, as repeatedly claimed by Interior Minister Naseer Ullah Babar.
At a press conference in Islamabad, on August 3, 1989 Shahbaz Sharif gave the assets of the group at Rs 3.6 billion, but the report of the Cooperative Scam Tribunal estimated the group assets in 1989, according to their own declaration at Rs 6 billion.
In 1992 when Salman Taseer, Information Secretary, PPP released an account of Nawaz government’s corruption in a booklet “The Plunder of Pakistan” a spokesman of House of Ittefaq said in a counter statement that the group has incurred loans worth Rs 4,420 million only from the commercial banks contrary to Salman Taseer ‘s claim of Rs 12 billion. According to the spokesman, the group comprised of only 14 companies in its fold with assets of 6 billion.
H U Beg Committee, set up by Nawaz government in 1990 to investigate the allegations of concentration of wealth had identified 19 companies in the House of Ittefaq with assets worth Rs 10 billion. However at a press conference in Islamabad, on March 2, 1994, Khalid Siraj, a cousin of PM claimed that the assets of the seven brothers were valued at Rs 21 billion.
The units in Ittefaq as identified by H U Beg Committee included three listed companies, 12 unlisted public companies and 4 private limited companies.
The Friday Time issue of April 25, 1997 reported that the Sharif group of Mian Mohammad Sharif has started work on Kashmir Sugar Mills and Bashir Sugar Mills for which it was seeking hefty loans from commercial banks.
Work is also in progress over a sprawling New Sharif Medical City, opposite the big residential farm of the Sharif family on the Rai Wind Road.
The group is also working on Yousaf Aziz Sugar Mills at Kasur and another at Shah Kot.According to agreement reached in Lahore High Court by members of the family sometime in 1996, the House of Ittefaq has split in two groups.
The first comprised of the families of Mian Mohammad Sharif, Mohammad Shafi, Barkat Ali, Yousaf Aziz and Idrees Bashir while the second group comprised of the families of Meraj Din and Siraj Din.
Members of the Ittefaq group are currently operating in three groups namely Sharif Group, Ittefaq Group and Haseeb Waqas Group.
The three groups have only four companies listed on the KSE.
1 Ittefaq Textile Mills - -
2 Brothers Textile Mills 262 -
3 Khalid Siraj Textile Mills 228 239
4 Haseeb Waqas Sugar 1,163 901
Mehran Ramzan Textile
Brothers Textile Mills
Ramzan Baksh Textile Mills
Mohammad Baksh Textile Mills
Hamza Spinning Mills
Ittefaq Sugar Mills
Ramzan Sugar Mills
Chaudri Sugar Mills
Ittefaq Foundry (Pvt) Ltd
Brothers Steel Mills
Ittefaq Brothers (Pvt) Ltd
Hudaibiya Paper Mills
Hamza Board Mills
Khalid Siraj Industries
Ali Haroon Textile Mills
Hanif Siraj Textile Mills
Farooq Barkat (Pvt) Ltd
Abdul Aziz Textile Mills
Barkat Textile Mills
Sandalbar Textile Mills
Haseeb Waqas Rice Mills
Sardar Board and Paper Mills
Model Trading House (Pvt) Ltd
Members of the Sharif family, including Shahbaz Sharif, have approached the Lahore High Court for the recovery of their property and money attached by the National Accountability Bureau to recover a fine imposed on Nawaz Sharif in two cases in 2000.
In seven petitions filed with LHC’s Rawalpindi bench on July 5, 2010, the family said that the conviction and sentence awarded to Nawaz Sharif had been set aside by appellate courts.
An anti-terrorism court in Karachi convicted Nawaz Sharif on April 6, 2000, of hijacking a plane carrying the then army chief and sentenced him to life imprisonment, Rs 500,000 fine and attachment of his movable and immovable property.
The conviction was set aside by the Supreme Court on Oct 30, 2009.
An accountability court in Attock Fort on July 22, 2000, sentenced him to 14-year rigorous imprisonment and Rs 20 million fine for purchasing a Russian helicopter.
In a petition filed by the Hudabiya Paper Mills through its secretary Syed Ajmal Sibtain and 15 shareholders, all members of the Sharif family, the company sought the recovery of 7.07 million share certificates attached by Mohammad Shabbir Khan, the then director of NAB in Lahore on May 16, 2001, to recover the fine.
A petition filed by Tariq Dastgir Khan on behalf of Shahbaz Sharif sought the recovery of original sale deed executed by the Murree Improvement Trust in Shahbaz Sharif’s favour of plot No 53-C of the Damaged Area Scheme in Murree. The agreement was seized by Lahore NAB authorities on Jan 16, 2002.
Sabina Abbas, wife of Mian Abbas, sought the detachment of the sale deed of May 12, 1984, registered with sub-registrar of Murree in favour of the petitioner in respect of property No 54 on the Hill Road in Murree.
The Chaudhry Sugar Mills, through its secretary Syed Ajmal Sibtain, sought the recovery of its Rs5 million acquired by the Lahore NAB on April 6, 2002, through cross cheques.
The Ramzan Sugar Mills, through its secretary Tariq Dastgir Khan, sought the recovery of Rs110 million encashed by the bureau in 2001 and 2002 through six bank transactions.
The Hudabiya Engineering Services, through its secretary Syed Ajmal Sibtain, sought the recovery of its 204,500 share certificates attached by NAB in Lahore on May 16, 2001.
The Hamza Spinning Mills, through its secretary Tariq Dastgir Khan, sought the recovery of its 2.735 million share certificates.
In the petitions filed through Advocate Abid Aziz Sheikh, the petitioners have maintained that it was unlawful on the part of NAB to recover the fines imposed on Nawaz Sharif from other members of his family.
They said after the clearance of Nawaz Sharif in two cases from the higher courts, NAB should have released the attached property and shares, but despite repeated applications since Nov 18 last year it had failed to do so.
Chaudhry Nisar was involved in toppling government of PPP, through his links with Army as he would sit for hours with Army officers as he is doing now. His secret meeting in dead of night with Army chief along with Shahbaz Shareef is talk of town.
While Nawaz Shareef the Groom of Establishment who never goes to jail claims that he will not be with Army, he secretly makes liaison with them through his brother . Although they claim otherwise. I have termed this PML-N, as Punjabi Munafiqs League – Nawaz.
Can we count the number of years PML has worked with establishment of Army since 1947?
If they are so sincere in wiping out corruption, PML-N should leave the sugar held in their mills to Awam at 40 /Kg .
Can they go to thier own Accountability Committee of which Ch Nisar is leader and ask about 15 Billion dollars that was misappropriated during Musharaff days. They will never do that as they are establishements groom and PML is establsihements pet. They did not even call the generals to commitee even when it was demanded.
Why they are crying hoarse over just tiny 1.5 Billion Dollars, when there are more then 15 billion dollars to worry about.
Punjabi Munafiq League’s truth was exposed when they stopped just short of punishing Gen Musharaff after Saudia and America put foot on their tails. Arent they America stooges, and mainatin interests of American and Oil companies? Aent they making noise after Iranian Pipe Line deal was signed?
Why isnt it surrendering financial autonomy to Provinces and maintaining centre grip to please Punjabi establishment.
Even the Terrorist dont target them as they seem to have liason with them, while ANP and PPP leders are targeted at will.
So PML-N is clearaly establishemtn pet .
Dr Khurrum Shaukat Yusafzai.
Email : Khurrumuk@gmail.com
The so-called minus and plus formulas is unlikely to solve any problems.
The present system is obviously not ideally democratic, and many of the expectations from system are yet to be fulfilled. The 17th Amendment still lingers as an ugly reminder of the Musharraf era and we are yet to implement the Charter of Democracy.
There is also growing frustration over the law and order situation, the erratic load shedding, and a catalogue of crises both internal and external. Some might say that better governance could have resulted in more “visible” changes that democracy can bring to a common man’s life.
As a television journalist I often speak to various political leaders. A few days ago I spoke to Nawaz Sharif, and he seemed clear that those floating such conspiracies do not mean well for democracy. “I do not believe in the minus one formula” he told me. This may have surprised many political observers who expect him to take a more radical stand against Zardari. They argue that his stance is not only hurting his popularity, but also giving his party labels like “friendly opposition”. Maybe they have a point, but as a visionary leader Nawaz Sharif can see beyond this short-term view. He realizes this is not the time to play popular politics, and today Pakistan needs stability more than anything else.
Our brave armed forces are engaged in a battle against extremism and we cannot afford further political instability. In my view, Nawaz Sharif’s stance represents the sort of positive politics that Pakistan needs at this time when leaders have to look beyond their own political gain and put national interest before their own.
However, as he continued to speak I could also sense some disappointment in his voice too, particularly when he spoke about the Charter of Democracy that he had signed with Benazir Bhutto.
The Charter of Democracy provides an ideal starting point for this journey to begin but more would have to be done to show the people that democracy can really improve the quality of their lives. It should be seen to be resolving the challenges that face them on a daily basis. We all know what these challenges are and I will not repeat them here. But I will talk about opportunities. People also expect democracy to create opportunities for better education, employment and healthcare.
A recent survey by British Council suggests that our youngsters feel despondent. Such feelings should not be allowed to simmer. Despondency must be replaced with hope. This hope can come from a culture of positive politics. The PPP and PML-N, as the two largest parties can lead the way for this positive political culture. That is the only way in which the “formula mongers” can be silenced.
Javed Malik is a television journalist and Executive Director of The World Forum. He can be reached on JavedMalik78@yahoo.com
The Musharraf government prepared a money laundering reference against Nawaz Sharif and Shahbaz Sharif in 2000 on the basis of a statement recorded by one of their trusted lieutenants, Senator Ishaq Dar.
Senator Dar’s handwritten statement, given before a magistrate back on April 25, 2000, had alleged that Sharif brothers used the Hudaibya Paper Mills as cover for money laundering during the late 1990s.
The reference was prepared on the orders of Musharraf, but it was shelved after the Sharif brothers went into exile in December 2000.
The Musharraf government tried to reopen the reference in 2007 after Nawaz Sharif announced his return to the country.
The confessional statement of Senator Ishaq Dar was recorded before a district magistrate in Lahore. He was brought to the court from a jail by Basharat Shahzad, who was then serving as assistant director in the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA).
According to legal experts, the senator’s deposition was an `irrevocable statement’ as had been recorded under section 164 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC).
Senator Ishaq Dar has always been regarded as one of the closest aides of the Sharif family, and is now also a relative as his son is married to Nawaz Sharif’s younger daughter.
At one point in the 43-page statement, Mr Dar said that on the instructions of Nawaz Sharif and Shahbaz Sharif, ‘I opened two foreign currency accounts in the name of Sikandara Masood Qazi and Talat Masood Qazi with the foreign currency funds provided by the Sharif family in the Bank of America by signing as Sikandara Masood Qazi and Talat Masood Qazi’.
He said that all instructions to the bank in the name of these two persons were signed by him under the orders of ‘original depositors’, namely Nawaz Sharif and Shahbaz Sharif.
‘The foreign currency accounts of Nuzhat Gohar and Kashif Masood Qazi were opened in Bank of America by Naeem Mehmood under my instructions (based on instructions of Sharifs) by signing the same as Nuzhat Gohar and Kashif Masood Qazi.’
The document shows Dar stated that besides these foreign currency accounts, a previously opened foreign currency account of Saeed Ahmed, a former director of First Hajvari Modaraba Co and close friend of Dar, and of Mussa Ghani, the nephew of Dar’s wife, were also used to deposit huge foreign currency funds provided by ‘the Sharif family’ to offer them as collateral to obtain different direct and indirect credit lines.
Senator Dar had disclosed that the Bank of America, Citibank, Atlas Investment Bank, Al Barka Bank and Al Towfeeq Investment Bank were used under the instructions of the Sharif family.
Interestingly enough, Ishaq Dar also implicated himself by confessing in court that he — along with his friends Kamal Qureshi and Naeem Mehmood — had opened fake foreign currency accounts in different international banks.
Mr Dar said an amount of $3.725 million in Emirates Bank, $ 8.539 million in Al Faysal Bank and $2.622 million were later transferred in the accounts of the accounts Hudaibya Paper Mills.
He said that the entire amount in these banks finally landed in the accounts of the paper mills.
The Hudaibiya Paper Mills case is still pending in the NAB.
If it is opened again, the Sharif brothers may be in for a rude shock: a confidant is to blame for the albatross around their necks.
On Aug 23 09, Sawal Yeh Hai with Dr. Danish, a TV talk show unveiled the truth about some of the conspiracies in Pakistan’s history.
Featuring Brigadier (R) Imtiaz aka Billa (Ex DG IB ) Ghulam Mustafa Khar (Former Gov Punjab) and Lt. Gen (r) Naseer Akhtar who was Corp Commander Karachi in 1992, the conspiracies exposed included:
IJI Conspiracy: Political party IJI was created by ISI to promote Left Wing parties and to bring Nawaz Sharif as a leader to counter Benazir Bhutto and her Right wing party PPP and its allies.
Khar Conspiracy: Ghulam Mustafa Khar living in exile in London at Seth Abid’s apartment (alleged gold and drugs smuggler), where Mustafa Khar conspired with Indian RAW to eliminate top Pakistani Military leadership in a terror attack when Chief of Army Staff and all Core Commanders present at GHQ in a conference. This conspiracy was busted later on and all involved were arrested. Mustafa Khar got immunity from Benazir Bhutto’s government!??
Jinnahpur Conspiracy: The confessional statements by Brig (R) Imriaz and Gen (R) Naseer Akhtar finally unfolds (after 17 years) the truth in accusations on MQM regarding their attempt to carve out a separate homeland for Muhajirs called Jinnahpur. The statements by these two pivotal characters involved in the operation against MQM in 1992, proved that the operation was wrong and baseless which was launched by Nawaz Sharif Government against MQM and resulted in genocide of more than 15000 innocent Pakistanis.
Nuclear conspiracy: A person named Rafiq Munshi, an engineer at KANOP, recruited by CIA to plant agents in Pakistan nuclear assets and collect information about Pakistan’s Nuclear program and to finally conduct technical sabotage. This conspiracy was busted and Rafiq Munshi was arrested. Later on Benazir Bhutto’s government released him and hired him as Political Advisor.
The Recent, Revelation about Parliamentarian of Punjab Mustapha Khar from the mouth of Ex-ISI and IB officer Brigadier Imtiaz retired, and it is very interesting. A Controversy has been generated that who is telling the Truth and who is not . Brig Imtiaz Ex –ISI officer or the Parliamentarian of Punjab Mr. Mustapha Khar.
Brig Imtiaz mentions that Khar had Planned to Blow GHQ with all the top officers in conspiring with some officers of Pakistan Army, who were court Martialled and thrown out of the Army.
Mustapha Khar who according to Brig Imtiaz had links with RAW, the Indian counterpart of ISI. According to Brig Imtiaz had supplied the weapons and Bombs to these officers after his visits to India.
In My Opinion Brig Imtiaz is telling the Truth as a Mustapha Khar who does not care about his Kith and kin and is responsible for Kicking out a Serving chief like the Honest Pashtun, Gen Gul Hassan. Who never could own a house, as he could not afford one, as he was such an honest person and he never had a personnel car in his possession. He kicked him out of Service because he was Pashtuns and fed this into ear of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto by spewing hatred against Pashtuns.
He actually died Broke and without Money in an Armored Corps mess in Rawalpindi in 2004. Just a Few Yards from Gen Aslam Begs ( Army Chief and Head ) Castle , the Army Chief who took after Gen Zia After Being involved Red handed in His C-130 Crash as you I may call it, the same man who ordered an Operation Midnight Jackal .
Midnight Jackal operation was done with the Help of Brig Imtiaz to topple , Benezir Bhutto the Legitimate Elected Peoples Leader of Pakistan. She was an elected and brilliant representative of the People of Pakistan.
Khar had also shown A Revolver Gun to Chief of Pakistan Army, Gen Gul Hassan and abducted him on Gun Point in his Car , to force him to resign as Gul Hassan Himself mentioned it in his own Book about his Life History.
Bhutto In Fact had made Himself, weak by himself uprooting democratically Elected Pashtun ANP Led governments In NWFP and Balauchistan. That Mistake cost him his Life and government. As Jammat Islami walked into the Power Vacuum created in NWFP and Balauchistan.
Latter a Potent Smear Campaign was launched against Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto by these same pro-Establishment Jammat Islami, Religious political parties whom were on Pay role of the ISI as Brig Imtiaz claimed it to eliminate PPP for Ever.
So he was the one who the paved way for Gen Zia ul Haq. A man who destroyed Pakistan with Drugs, Weapons, and Religious Hate and Sectarianism. In Fact a CIA / Mossad Agent, who wanted to Destabilize Pakistan after going out of the way to serve American and Israeli Interests ?
When today one, Muslim is cutting another Muslims throat when they are both Muslims. Gen Zia promoted Religious hate Parties like Sipah Sahaba, who now have broken down to Lashker Taiba and Lashker Jhangvi, The banned terrorist parties and are part of Tehrik Taliban Pakistan too nowadays and received the money from ISI and IB to Form the IJI.
In fact in the list given by Gen Asad Durrani ISI Chief at that time with an Affidavit submitted in Supreme court of Pakistan, Rs 50 Lakhs were given to small Religious parties, who are Sipah Sahaba etc formed on Behest of CIA and Mossad and Raw.
These Small parties are same Sipah Sahaba and likes of such Hate Mongering by these same religious parties. The Same Religious Parties who formed IJI with Nawaz Shareef and even today one of the Sipah Sahaba leader Allama Sajid Mir is a sitting senator with PML-N.
Even Jammat Islami who Trumpets as Moral Religious Force of Pakistan took 50 lakhs for being part of IJI, all these, Anti PPP parties who were formed as an IJI Alliance to grab control of Punjab from PPP. The Present Nawaz Shareef Alliance PML-N is out come of that IJI.
JUI has the same old story that, s Getting of Free Plots from GHQ, Shaheed officers Quota is very famous too for corruption. These parties had formed the 17th Amendment that gave powers to make laws without the parliament input . Musharaff was in power because of these Same Religious Parties.
All this to make PPP Government fail, but what nobody mentions is another Fact? . That is it because PPP is the true voice of People of Pakistan and it had great leaders Like Zulfiqar Bhutto and Benezir Bhutto who understood pulse of people of Pakistan.
All this was done to further the rule of Gen Zia, who had reportedly massacred the Poor Muslim Palestinians in Jordon in the Famous Black September 1968 operation. When he massacred thousands, of Palestinians, to please, the Zionists and Israelis and be Blue eyed Boy of CIA and Mossad and confirm himself as their Agent in Establishment
In Fact Zia was in partnership with Mossad Israeli Agency when he, Used the Israeli weapons to Fight the Afghan Jihad with Russia. As George Crile, mentions in His Book the Operation cyclone” of CIA. The Star of David was conveniently erased on weapons Crates, so that Pakistani people would not know it.
It means Mustapha Khar had nod of these Mossad and Indian Raw and CIA too when he removed a Pretty honest general like Gul Hassan and Installed a CIA Mossad agent like Gen Zia. Ul Haq and Agent of CIA, and Mossad.
IN Fact he is the one who spread hate against the Pashtuns and has been very active in Hate Mongering and promoting hate against Pashtuns who are loyal subjects of Pakistan and saved many time Pakistan from Disasters in n1948 , 1965 and Afghan Jihad etc.
He was very vocal for Kalabagh Dam and did not care for even feelings of three provinces apart from Punjab. He being Politicians did not care even for the Ordinances passed in three out of four Provincial Assemblies of Pakistan against Kalabagh Dam.
He was instrumental in Hampering Progress of Pakistan development. His Niece Hina Rabbani Khar is another person who wanted to destroy Inter-provincial harmony. She was wisely removed from NFC award recently.
He was saved from conviction when ISI had proven him as a Traitor because of Being a Punjabi and friend of Gen Gul Hameed and the GHQ who failed to raise any case in Judiciary against him even he was Branded a Traitor. As in Pakistan a Punjabi, either in Uniform or without uniform are rarely punished for Treason. Or Being a Traitor This Tradition is set for Non Punjabis only Like Balauchs, Pashtuns, Sindhis and Mohajir,s only.
If Pakistan had left the Affairs of Afghanistan like that Before as Wali Khan had proposed and Gen Zia had not occurred, we would not have been in trouble like we are now. When our so-called friends USA for whom we sacrificed 1.5 million people, in Afghan Jihad, and defeated Russian are calling us Al-Qaeda and terrorism supporters while we are not.
When our Peaceful and Innocent citizen s Like the Students belonging to NWFP languishing in Max –security jail in UK with Murders and terrorists when they are innocent and no Charges are brought against them. Same is the case with Dr. Afia Siddique a PHD Doctor Languishing is US jails without a Fair Trial.
These people have turned ordinary and Innocent Pakistanis into Terrorists and Pakistanis are suffering with Dishonorable Naked strip-searches when one reaches UK Airports and US as if we are criminals. The same people who defeated the enemy of USA are treated like Dirt by it.
Our whole country is now been Surrendered to Zionists, the CIA and the American Establishment by likes of these people are enjoying Service Like 5 Air Bases in Pakistan for Drones and Deaths of Our Soldiers For free . While we are killing, our own Pashtun citizens to protect the American and its Economic interests of Great Game wars , which it cannot sustain without our help. While we are not even given money to salvage, our economy as America dishes to Egypt and Israel.
Where America and NATO has miserably failed in front of Taliban, Pakistan is successful here. America Should Leave us or behave like a friend. As this America with intervention in our politics has proved American is Pro Dictator Country Rather then Freedom loving Pro-Democratic Country. It feed lies to its own US people when it says that it Favors Democracy.
Thanking you in Anticipation from , Dr. Khurrum Shaukat Yusafzai.
Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif was born on December 25, 1949 in Lahore. He was twice elected as PM, serving two non-consecutive terms, the first from November 1, 1990 to July 18, 1993 and the second from February 17, 1997 to October 12, 1999.
He is best known internationally for ordering Pakistan’s 1998 nuclear tests in response to India’s nuclear tests, and the abrupt end of his final term in a dramatic coup by General Musharraf. On March 15, 2009, he defied house arrest to lead anti-government protests that briefly turned violent. Sharif called the mass rally a “prelude to a revolution.”
Nawaz Sharif belongs to the family of Kashmiris who had settled in Amritsar a generations back. At independence his Mian Muhammad Sharif migrated to Pakistan settling in Lahore. At Amritsar the entire extended family was somehow involved in the profession of wrestling. Mian Muhammad Sharfi who had been an outcast in his family, ventured into business and started a small junkyard which ultimately grew into a small steel refinery. His both sons, Nawaz Sharif and Shahbaz Sharif received their early education at Lahore. After his education he married Kalsoon Nawaz who also belonged to the same family of wrestlers.
In the early eighties, after that Nawaz Sharif had completed his education his father Mian Muhammad Sharif started him in the business. However, this proved a disaster. As a second option Mian Muhammad Sharif set him up with Pakistani actor Saeed Khan Rangeela to get him into acting (something which Nawaz Sharif wanted). A few days later Saeed Khan Rangeela sent his regrets to Mian Muhammad Sharif saying that his son was too dumb for acting and movie industry. Mian Muhammad Sharif then paid a considerable amount to cricket coaches to train his son for cricket, but his physical fitness was too low for the sport. It is rumored that by mid-day Nawaz Sharif threw the bat down and left the stadium saying, “This is too tough for me.” As a last resort he paid General Ghulam Jilani Khan a considerable sum of monies to intorduce Nawaz Sharif to General Zia-ul-Haq who in turn made Nawaz Sharif the Chief Minister of Punjab and his political career started.
The Governor allegedly got involved with the drug syndicates operating in the city of Lahore under Mirza Iqbal Beg. One of the drug syndicates was allegedly under the control of two cousins Sohail Zia Butt and Aslam Butt both of whom were Mian Muhammad Sharif’s nephews.
Nawaz Sharif started his political career by being appointed as the Finance Minister of Punjab Province in 1981.
Chief Minister of Punjab
On April 9, 1985, he was sworn-in as Chief Minister of Punjab. On May 31, 1988, he was appointed caretaker Chief Minister, after the dismissal of Assemblies by General. Nawaz Sharif was again elected as Chief Minister after the 1988 general elections. A massive uplift of Murree and Kahuta was undertaken during his term as Chief Minister of Punjab. He became close to Shaykh Tahir Alauddin and was seen in his gatherings along with Dr Tahir-ul-Qadri very often.
Prime Minister First Term
Sharif first became PM on November 1, 1990, running on a platform of right wing conservatives and vowing for an end to corruption. In 1992 he commenced Operation Clean-up in the city of Karachi, a military operation targeting the MQM.
Tussle with Military
Tussle with Jamat-i-Islami
Tussle with President
In a televised address on 17 April 1993, Nawaz Sharif directly accused Ghulam Ishaq Khan of conspiring to overthrow him.
Corruption and Drug Trafficking
From Ramazan Sugar Mills Nawaz Sharif exported sugar worth several hundred crore rupees to India—a deal which became an election issue. His cousin Sohail Zia Butt other than getting involved in the drug business made billions in the cooperative societies’ collapse, mainly through the National Industrial Credit and Finance Corporation.
It was Nawaz Sharif’s share in his cousin’s drug business which he used to buy off the generals thereby delaying the inevitable dismissal of his government. It is said that Nawaz Sharif was buying the generals to put his own man Lt. Gen. Ashraf: Corps Command Lahore as the new COAS.
According to the report prepared by Rehman Malik in his first term Nawaz Sharif and his family directly made hundreds of millions dollars at the expense of Government of Pakistan, some of which included:
- At leastUS$ 160 million from Lahore-Islamabad Motorway
- At least US$ 140 million in unsecured loans from government banks
- More than US$ 60 million generated from government rebates on sugar exported by mills owned by Nawaz Sharif and his borther Shahbaz Sharif
- At least US$ 58 million skimmed from inflated prices paid for imported wheat from United States and Canada. In the wheat deal Nawaz Sharif government paid prices far above market value to a private company owned by his close associate in Washington
Government Sacked in April 1993
His government was sacked on April 18, 1993, when President Ghulam Ishaq Khan used the reserve powers vested in him by the Eighth Amendment to dissolve the National Assembly on charges of corruption, nepotism, extra-judicial killings and victimisation of opponents, appointing Mir Balakh Sher Mazari as the caretaker PM. Six weeks later, Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled that the the Presidential order was unconstitutional, reconstituting the National Assembly and returning Sharif to power on May 26. Army stepped in asking Sharif to resign but negotiated settlement resulted in both Shareef along with President Ghulam Ishaq Khan to resign on July 18, 1993. Moin Qureshi who was accused by many circles of being an American implanted man, became caretaker PM, and was succeeded shortly thereafter by Benazir Bhutto, who was elected to office on October 19, 1993.
Prime Minister Second term
Sharif returned to power in February 1997 with such a huge majority that the result was immediately questioned by the PPP. Sharif won by obtaining 90 percent of the national votes cast. Doubts against the authenticity of the national elections always persist and are nearly always contended by Pakistan’s losing party. Tony Blair stated in a January interview that he “believed the election was true”. Nawaz Sharif, by that measure, would hold the record in Pakistani politics for securing the heaviest mandate in a general election in Pakistan.
One of Sharif’s first acts during his second term was to orchestrate the scrapping of Article 58(2)(b) through another Amendment to the Constitution—an exercise in which Sharif’s party was joined by all the other political parties in the National Assembly and Senate. The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution was passed so that the President could no longer dismiss the PM; and the Fourteenth Amendment imposed strict party discipline on members of parliament. This allowed party leaders to dismiss any of their legislators if they failed to vote as they were told and made it nearly impossible to dismiss a prime minister by a motion of no confidence. In effect, the two amendments removed nearly all checks on the prime minister’s power, since there was virtually no way for him to be legally dismissed once elected.
On November 28, 1997, the Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah of the Supreme Court was dismissed against revolt of other judges, orchestrated by Sharif’s younger brother, the CM Shahbaz Sharif, and Justice Rafiq Tarar. On this issue he fell out with President Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari who, now without the powers to act against the Prime Minister, also resigned. Rafiq Tarar was rewarded by his being appointed President of Pakistan.
In August 1997, Sharif signed the Anti-Terrorist Act which established Anti Terrorism Courts (ATC). The act was judged in 1998 unconstitutional by the Supreme Court (Merham Ali vs Pakistan). Sharif then enacted an amendment to the law to take into account the judges’ critiques.
Nawaz Sharif’s downfall coincided with his secular actions such as abolishing Friday holidays, distancing him from the conservative religious right wing establishment without taking him closer to the secular section, which preferred the PPP. Even now his frequent assurance to the west about continued cooperation is diminishing his popularity at home amongst the right wing conservatives who are looking for an alternative candidate to counter the secularist alliance of Musharraf-Benazir duo in the coming elections.
On the development front, Nawaz Sharif completed the construction of South Asia’s longest motorway, the 367 km M2, linking Lahore and Islamabad. The motorway, which was initiated during Nawaz Sharif’s first term, was inaugurated in November 1997 and was constructed at a cost of Rs 37.5 billion.
The peak of Sharif’s popularity came when his government undertook nuclear tests on 28 May 1998 in response to India’s nuclear tests two weeks earlier. However, after these tests, matters started going downhill. He suspended many civil liberties, dismissed the Sindh provincial government and set up military courts when the stability of the government was threatened.
Proposition of an Islamic society based on the Quran
On August 29, 1998, he proposed a law to create an Islamic order in Pakistan and establish a legal system based on the Quran and the Sunnat. Sharif told Pakistanis that the proposed Shariat Bill was a charter of duties and not power. This came a week after Sharif informally announced the measure during the commemoration the late President Zia ul-Haq’s 10-year death anniversary on August 17.
On October 8, 1998, he presented the Shariat Bill in the National Assembly. The Cabinet decided to present the bill on October 9, after removing some of its controversial aspects. The Pakistani government approved and passed the bill on October 10, 1998. After the vote, Nawaz Sharif said: “I congratulate the nation on the passage of the bill which will help create a truly Islamic system”. The amendment, which was passed by the National Assembly by 151 votes to 16, was then passed to the upper house of parliament for a final vote. Two-thirds majority was needed for passage in the Senate, the upper chamber.
On January 16, 1999 the Nawaz Sharif Government imposed Islamic law in the traditional tribal areas of the north-west straddling the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, vowing to impose it throughout the country. However, the amendment would fail in the senate and before Nawaz Sharif would recover from that setback, his government was summarily dismissed by a military coup.
Relations with the military
Nawaz Sharif principally rose to prominence as a staunch proponent of the military government of President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq during the 1980s, especially maintaining ties with Lieutenant General Jilani and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Rahimuddin Khan. His political career was further facilitated by the military’s tilt towards his right-wing inclinations; ISI Director-General Hamid Gul having played a substantial role in the formation of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, the conservative political alliance that brought Sharif to power in 1990.
Despite this, Sharif’s first term as PM saw himself fall out with three successive army chiefs: with General Mirza Aslam Beg over the 1991 Gulf War issue; with General Asif Nawaz over the Sindh “Operation Clean-Up” issue; and with General Abdul Waheed Kakar over the Sharif-Ishaq imbroglio.
It was under Abdul Waheed Kakar that Nawaz Sharif along with the then President of Pakistan Ghulam Ishaq Khan were forced to resign in 1992-93. At the end of General Waheed’s three-year term in January 1996, General Jehangir Karamat was appointed army chief. His term was due to end on January 9, 1999.
In October 1998, however, Sharif fell out with General Karamat as well, over the latter’s advocacy of the need for the creation of a “National Security Council” in what Sharif believed was a conspiracy to return the military to a more active role in Pakistani politics. Before that Sharif dismissed the Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Mansur Ul Haq.
In October 1998, General Jehangir Karamat resigned and Sharif appointed General Pervez Musharraf as army chief. General Jehangir Karamat was seen by many as a straight person who compromised himself and stood for the wishes of the Prime Minister. Sharif would later regret appointing Pervez Musharraf to the Chief of Army position, as Musharraf would lead a coup to topple Sharif’s government.
The Lahore Declaration
In order to normalize relations between India and Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif undertook a major initiative in February 1999. This initiative culminated in a visit by the Indian PM Atal Behari Vajpayee to Lahore via bus, across the Wagah border, in 1999. Nawaz Sharif met him at the Wagah border and a joint communique, known as the Lahore Declaration, was signed between the two leaders. The Lahore Declaration spelled out various steps to be taken by the two countries towards normalizing relations. About the Agra Summit later Mr. Advani narrates: “We also noticed the absence of any reference to the Shimla Accord (1972) and the Lahore Declaration (1999) in the text. Musharraf seemed allergic to these pacts, as they were associated with his political rivals. He probably wanted to signal to his people back home that he wanted to start Indo-Pak engagement on a clean slate, all on his own terms and bearing his exclusive imprint.”
The Kargil War in 1999 came to haunt Nawaz Sharif. He came under American pressure to withdraw his troops after they were deep into Indian territory. India reacted strongly and ordered its troops to oust the intruders which resulted in heavy casualties on both sides. Nawaz Sharif under pressure from Bill Clinton withdrew his troops and the Islamist fighters unilaterally. Some believe that Sharif was responsible for initiating the intrusions — though he claimed that Army Chief Pervez Musharraf was the brains behind the operation. In Nawaz’s view Musharraf as Army Chief did not even take corps commanders, air chief and naval chief in confidence before the operation. Only three generals were masterminds of the operation. In a recent interview, he admitted he ‘let down’ Vajpayee on Kargil conflict and also regretted not having taken an action against Musharraf. He also said that Musharaf then army chief requested him to visit America to ask India for ceasefire. His this claim is reinstated by General Gani (American General at that time) remark in his book. The retreat was not welcome in Pakistan and Sharif would later reveal that Pakistan had suffered more than 4,000 casualties. Growing fiscal deficits and debt-service payments, mainly due to American sanctions, led to a financial crisis. The government narrowly avoided defaulting on its international loans. With the country suffering from frequent power blackouts, Sharif directed the army in early 1999 to take control of WAPDA, which had the adverse effect that many active and former military personnel were deployed as heads of civilian agencies. This trend continues to this day.
With the public and press openly speculating about the possibility of a military takeover, Nawaz became increasingly insecure. On October 12, 1999, he removed Musharraf as army chief. Musharraf, who was out of the country, boarded a commercial airliner to return to Pakistan. Sharif ordered the Karachi airport sealed off to prevent the landing of the airliner, and ordered it to land at Nawab Shah Airport, but Musharraf contacted top army generals who took over the country and ousted Sharif’s administration. Musharraf assumed control of the government. The Supreme Court validated the coup on the grounds of necessity. Thus ended Nawaz Sharif’s second term, which saw resignations of a President, an Army chief and a Naval Chief and suspension and removal of a Chief Justice.
Nawaz was thrown in prison and tried by Anti-Terrorism Courts, which handed down a life sentence for hijacking in 2000. However, the military government agreed to commute his sentence from life in prison to exile in Saudi Arabia. His family moved with him, and they arrived in Saudi Arabia in December 2000. His wife and senior members of his party formed an anti-military coalition along with the Pakistan Peoples Party, previously the major opposition to Sharif’s Muslim League. For several years, Nawaz and the PPP only offered token resistance to President Musharraf’s government. Efforts were mainly restricted to criticism through the media.
2007-Return to Pakistan
On September 7, 2007, Justice Shabbir Hussain Chatha ordered police to arrest Shahbaz Sharif, brother of Nawaz Sharif and produce him before the court, after the hearing in Lahore. The court ruled that “Shahbaz Sharif should be arrested (at) whichever airport he lands at”. Nawaz Sharif also faced detention on the pair’s planned return from exile to Pakistan on September 10, 2007, to challenge President Musharraf’s eight-year military rule.
On September 10, Nawaz Sharif arrived in Islamabad on a PIA flight from London but was prevented from leaving the plane as the authorities at the Islamabad Airport wanted to escort him to the arrival lounge. The rest of the passengers on board were allowed to deplane, and negotiations began with Sharif as he, along with his few supporters, did not want an escort and wanted to deplane themselves.
Sharif finally agreed to be taken out of the plane, and was taken to the arrival lounge and upon his arrival there he was approached by the National Accountability Bureau chief who issued a warrant due to corruption charges made against him. After that, Nawaz Sharif boarded another airliner to be exiled back to Saudi Arabia. “He has been sent back,” a senior security official told Agence France-Presse, as local television showed a PIA airplane carrying the deported Sharif from Islamabad airport.
Later on September 10, Nawaz Sharif landed at Jeddah airport and was greeted by Saudi intelligence chief Prince Miqren bin Abdul Aziz. Pakistan’s Religious Affairs Minister Muhammad Ijaz-ul-Haq stated that “He has not only embarrassed Pakistan but also the leadership of Saudi Arabia by violating the agreement.” Although Nawaz Sharif had denied the existence of any ‘exile deal’ with the government before his homecoming, he later admitted that there was an agreement but that it was for only five years.
On presenting him before the Court, the European Union asked the Pakistani government to respect the court ruling. In Washington, D.C., Sean McCormack of the White House (joined by India) stated that the deportation was an “internal matter” but said that elections should be “free and fair” (but expressing mild disapproval of Musharraf’s action). But the United States organisation Human Rights Watch accused the Pakistan Government of violating international law. Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League condemned the deportation by filing a contempt suit in the Supreme Court. His brother Shahbaz Sharif was due to travel with Sharif from London but changed his plans at the last minute.
On November 25, 2007, several weeks after the return of Benazir Bhutto, Nawaz Sharif was able to return to Pakistan. He was not arrested and, like Bhutto, was able to return to political activity.
A private television channel allegedly reported that Nawaz’s media manager Pervaiz Rasheed seized tapes and intimidated their staff after Nawaz lost his temper in an interview. According to the director news of the private TV channel in a press conference, they had been held in hostage during an interview with former PM Nawaz Sharif. He (Nawaz) had also used unbecoming language against President Pervaiz Musharraf and PML(Q) top leaders while answering one of his questions.
Upon reaching Lahore, Sharif was supposedly greeted by a huge crowd of supporters. On November 26, 2007, Nawaz Sharif filed for the January Parliamentary elections. He handed in his papers in Lahore filing for two parliamentary seats.
On December 3, it was announced that Sharif would meet Benazir Bhutto to discuss a possible boycott of the January 8 elections. Mr Sharif had stated that his party, Pakistan Muslim League (N), would not take part in the elections unless the judges sacked under emergency rule were reinstated.
The Election Commission of Pakistan then banned Sharif from taking part in the January 8 elections. A rival candidate complained to the commission citing Sharif’s criminal charges. The commission upheld the complaint. Sharif had until Friday to appeal against the ban. An election commissioner Raja Qamaruzaman told Lahore newspapers that His (Nawaz’s) nomination papers are rejected because of his convictions. In the case of his opposition rival Benazir Bhutto, President Pervez Musharraf signed into law the amnesty early in 2007 that cleared Ms Bhutto of all corruption charges. However this amnesty did not clear Mr Sharif, having been sentenced to ten years for aeroplane hijacking and terrorism when he attempted to prevent the PIA flight carrying Musharraf and Soomro and a plane full of ordinary passengers in 1999 from landing at Karachi.
On December 6, Mr Sharif attempted to meet former chief justice Iftikhar Chaudhry but was stopped by police. Mr Chaudhry was forced to leave office after refusing to swear allegiance to President Musharraf and also the authorities are preventing him from leaving his household. Sharif told the crowd that he had come to show support for the judges and will not rest until they were restored. Coming off the heels of meeting with former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto both opposition parties were in the process of negotiating what they called a charter of demands which they wanted fulfilled if they were to take part in the January 8 elections. Mr Sharif wanted the re-instatement of the judges before the election takes place to be on the opposition’s joint demands. However Benazir Bhutto claimed that this is an issue that parliament could address once the elections have been fought.
On December 7, it was confirmed by Nawaz Sharif that he would not appeal against the ban that was placed on him on December 3, and would not participate as a candidate in the January 8 elections. If Sharif appealed against the ban the matter would have been taken to the Pakistan High Court. Sharif said that he does not recognize this as legitimate because the judges were forced under the rule of President Musharraf. Sharif wrote to the Election Commission saying that he was being prevented from standing for political reasons.
Nawaz Sharif announced on December 10 that he would indeed participate in the January 8 elections. The PML(N) made this decision after he failed to make a decision with opposition rival Benazir Bhutto and her PPP; the two sides complained that elections would not be free and fair under emergency rule placed by President Musharraf on November 3, 2007. Mr Musharraf announced that emergency would end on December 15, a day earlier than planned. Mr Sharif’s party would participate in the elections after 33 opposition parties including PPP failed to reach a joint agreement. Mr Sharif announced his party’s manifesto being a single demand for the restoration of the judges sacked in November by President Musharraf. Ms Bhutto however said that this is an issue that the new parliament can decide on.
On February 16, 2008 the initial last day of campaigning for Pakistan’s political parties, Nawaz Sharif’s PML(N) campaigned closely with assassinated Benazir Bhutto’s PPP and her widower Asif Ali Zardari.
2008 – Pakistani General Elections
However after the death of Bhutto, Sharif met with Zardari and advised him to boycott elections. Asif Zardari refused the offer and offered Nawaz to take part in the elections arguing that the opposition parties would definitely win after this chain of unfortunate events in the country and mishandling of issues by the government. Nawaz accepted the offer and announced it publicly in a press conference. He gave the reason that in order to bring the President’s government down the whole opposition must assemble and move in one direction.
On February 18 the PML (N) dominated the Punjab assembly and won 68 seats out of 272 from the National Assembly finishing second, directly behind the PPP (Bhutto/Zardari’s party) at 88. However, after adding the reserved seats for women and minorities, total number rose to 91. The results became clear on February 19. His massive victory in Punjab was met by a festive mood. Later that day in a press conference he said that he would welcome the political leaders back to the parent party who had left his party and joined the PML (Q). Nawaz Sharif and Asif Ali Zardari, the husband of slain Benazir Bhutto told February 21, 2008 their parties will work together in the national parliament after scoring big wins in the 2008 election.
On February 26, 2008, Nawaz announced that he and his brother Shabaz Sharif would run in by-elections upcoming in the country within the next few weeks, to become Members of Parliament, since they have no restrictions against them. the PML (N) left it to the PPP to chose a PM, since they agreed on forming a coalition government.
Nawaz Sharif has challenged the petition filed by the federal government against the acceptance of Mr Sharif’s candidature for National Assembly seat Ashtar Ausaf Ali, former Advocate General of Punjab, is the lawyer representing Nawaz Sharif.
The Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and the PPP on June 27, 2008, won 3 and 2 by-election seats, respectively, to the national parliament. Polls were postponed for the 6th seat in Lahore due to Nawaz Sharif’s eligibility contest. A court ruled he was ineligible due to the old conviction, amid the government appeal in the Supreme Court, which will hear the case on June 30, thus postponing the vote in the constituency. The 2 parties also won 19 of 23 provincial assembly seats where by-elections were held. The results will not affect the February 18 general election results in which Benazir Bhutto’s PPP won 123 seats in the 342-seat National Assembly and Sharif’s party came second with 91, while PML-Q which supported Musharraf came a poor third with 54 seats. Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) won 8 provincial assembly seats, while the PPP won 7 provincial seats.
Reinstatement of Judges
Nawaz Sharif stated in Lahore that: “I want to inform the entire nation that on Monday 12 May 2008, all deposed judges will be restored; the national assembly will approve a resolution the same day.” The judges include Iftikhar Chaudhry, Supreme Court Chief Justice, and President Musharraf sacked 60 judges under the state of emergency.
On 12 May 2008 the day that PML-N leader Nawaz Sharif stated that the deposed judges sacked under President Musharraf’s emergency rule last November, would be reinstated, Mr Sharif over the weekend beginning 9 – 11 May met PPP Partner Asif Ali Zardari in London to discuss the deadlock and the official date of when the judges would be reinstated, but the meetings dissolved, with no agreement that both party officials could agree upon. Returning to Islamabad Nawaz spoke to media mogul Geo Television Network and announced that he is withdrawing his party members from the federal government(cabinet) and effectively resigning from the coalition government. After repeated meetings with the ruling party, and refusal by the president to restore the deposed judges, Sharif decided to join the lawyers movement planned on completion of two years of first dismissal of chief justice on Mar, 9 2007. the plan was to start a long march from Karachi and Quetta simultaneously on Mar, 12 reaching Islamabad and staging a permanent sit-in till restoration of all deposed judges. The government got very confused, with initially house arresting Sharif and other prominent lawyers, and raising the greatest ever road blocks by placing containers all over the road to islamabad. there was no way anyone could get in or out of the twin cities of rawalpindi-islamabad, even not the ambulances carrying sick. When the long march picked up peak of tempo, with civil society joining the lawyers and politicians, it was at 0652am(PST, 16 March, i.e before start of planned sit-in) that the Prime Minister after obtaining the President’s approval(amidst long meetings of army chief with them) announced restoration of judges with immediate effect. thus, sharif was made a hero for restoration of original judiciary despite so many odds.
Resignations from Coalition Government
On May 12, PML (N) announced it was leaving the government after its failure to reinstate the judges; its ministers resigned.
On August 7, 2008, the PPP and the Pakistan Muslim League (N) agreed to force Musharraf to step down and begin his impeachment. Asif Ali Zardari and Nawaz Sharif, announced sending a formal request or joint charge sheet that he steps down, and impeach him through parliamentary process upon refusal. Musharraf, however, said: “I will defeat those who try to push me to the wall. If they use their right to oust me, I have the right to defend myself.” Pervez Musharraf, accordingly delayed his departure for the Beijing Olympics, by a day. A senior coalition official told Reuters: “Yes, we have agreed in principle to impeach him.” The draft of the ruling coalition’s joint statement had been finalized by the draft Committee, and Musharraf must obtain vote of confidence from the National Assembly and 4 provincial assemblies. The government summoned the national assembly, or lower house of parliament, to sit on August 11. Capt. Wasif Syed, spokesman for the Pakistan People’s Party — confirmed: “A decision has been made that he has to go now, and all the parties have agreed on this point.”
On 18 August 2008, Musharraf resigned as President of Pakistan. He said he was resigning for the country.
Pakistan’s Election Commission on August 22 announced that Presidential elections would be held on September 6, and the nomination papers could be filed from August 26. The president is elected by the 2 houses of parliament and the 4 provincial assemblies.. There was speculation that Nawaz Sharif would run for President, but on August 25, 2008, Nawaz Sharif announced that Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui would be the Pakistan Muslim League (N) nominee to replace Musharraf as President. Siddiqui was defeated by Asif Zardari for the presidency.
Ineligibility to contest
In early 2009, Pakistan’s Supreme Court barred Nawaz Sharif from contesting elections or holding public office, sparking widespread protests and disorder in some parts of the Punjab province.  Sharif planned to attend a banned political rally in Islamabad on 16 March 2009, but was instead placed under house arrest. He duped police standing outside his door and went to attend the famous long march in Islamabad. In the mean time the Pakistani Government announced to appeal against the disqualification of Sharif brothers from contesting election and occupying public office. The next day Government agreed to reinstate the deposed judges of the Supreme Court after which Shariff gave his consent to call off his long march. After this whole political deadlock Nawaz Sharif emerged as popular personality in the politics of Pakistan.
Asking US for Political Help
In April 2009 the Sharif brothers went to the U.S. Embassy alone and didn’t take along any party member. So this wasn’t a party visit. The aim of the visit was to convince the Americans to back the brothers for the top political posts in Pakistan.
But typical Nawaz Sharif had his own ideas, he was bent upon taking revenge from Musharraf for the humiliation he suffered by running in exile to Saudi, Nawaz didn’t care about the country as his mega rich himself and won’t hesitate to run in exile again if needed to. Ishaq Dar came briefly tooled with Nawaz’s personal vendetta to damage Musharraf, so he came and started giving negative and false statements about the economy. Later he was criticised by the business community for doing so. As Nawaz’s intention wasn’t to help Pakistan he quickly made all his ministers resign and take the back seat as he always likes doing, shying away from trouble. The people who voted for Nawaz just totally wasted their time as he won a lot of seats but refused to be part of the of the problem solving.
Farhan Investigative Report
This is an excellent programme exposing some of the corruption conducted by Nawaz Sharif by the host of DM Digital, Farhan Aslam, who also used to work for ARY Digital a few years ago.
The report has been divided into six segments. I will offer a short summary of the discussion, followed by the clips themselves.
Nawaz Sharif’s only agenda was to make money. In order to achieve this goal, he formed/changed laws and policies for his personal benefit and expanded his business empire by misusing his authority as PM.
Interestingly enough and ironically, the PPP played a major role in exposing the corruption of Nawaz Sharif and his family. The Jamaat-e-Islami had also levelled a number of corruption allegations upon Nawaz Sharif. As we know, later Sharif and his cronies also played a role in exposing the corruption of Benazir Bhutto and her PPP. In other words, both Sharif and Bhutto have been busy over the years actively accusing each other of committing corruption.
Nawaz Sharif is widely acknowledged to be a highly incompetent person, with a mediocre I.Q. level. The brain behind him was that of his late “Abba Jee” (‘daddy’) – the mastermind and the main decision maker behind the scene.
In order to consolidate and attain more power, N. Sharif attacked every individual and institutions he felt could get in the way challenge his authority. In order to get rid of the then Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah, who was despised by Sharif, the later created divisions among the judges to make life difficult for the Chief Justice. A group of judges refused to acknowledge Shah as the Chief Justice and things got so bad that a number of junior judges put hurdles in the way of the Chief Justice in order to make it difficult for him to carry out his duties. Eventually, Sharif ordered his thugs to attack the Supreme Court in order to prevent the Chief Justice from giving a ruling against him.
The police did nothing to stop Sharif’s thugs as they attacked and entered the Supreme Court. The judges inside the building barely managed to escape. The thugs, led by Sajjad Naseem and Mushtaq Tahir, Nawaz Sharif’s political secretaries, entered the court chanting anti-Sajjad slogans and destroyed the furniture.
Next, consider Nawaz Sharif’s relationship with the press and media. Two examples will suffice. On 8th May 1999, Najam Sethi, a prominent journalist of Pakistan, was arrested by the police on the orders of Sharif. Sethi has committed the crime of annoying Nawaz Sharif by writing a critical essay against him. The police broke into Sethi’s house at around 2 am and beat him up in his bedroom in front of his wife, after which he was transported off to a secret location. The police trashed Sethi’s house, broke the furniture and beat him up quite bad. Sethi was only released after a lot of international pressure had built up against Sharif. Sharif also demanded the Jang Group to get rid of all the journalists who were critical of him. To achieve this goal, Sharif and his cronies used a variety of legal and illegal means to pressure the Jang Group into compliance.
There is probably no institution in Pakistan which Nawaz Sharif did not aggressively confront in order make them comply to his wishes. Besides picking on a fight with the President, the Judiciary and the already restricted/limited media, Sharif also decided to have a confrontation with the army, the only viable institution left in Pakistan. Chief of Army Staff, General Jehangir Karamat, and Nawaz Sharif had a conflict over an issue pertaining to the national security council and both entered into a heated discussion, after which Gen. Karamat had to offer his resignation. Jehangir Karamat thus became the first Chief of Army Staff in the history of Pakistan to have left the army in this prematurely in this manner.
One by one all challenges and potential obstacles were removed from the way by Nawaz Sharif. Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Farooq Leghari, Sajjad Ali Shah, and Jehangir Karamat, as well as others, were all removed from the scene by Sharif.
After the removal of Jehangir Karamat, Sharif appointed Pervaiz Musharraf as the Chief of Army Staff. Some analysts at the time said that Sharif made this decision thinking that Pervaiz Musharraf was an Urdu speaker and did not belong to a Punjabi army family, thus very unlikely to be a threat to Sharif!
Things became sour between Sharif and Musharraf during the Kargil episode. Later, once a relative of Sharif was removed from the army by Musharraf, that was the final nail in the coffin. Sharif then decided to take his revenge and replace Gen. Musharraf with a fellow of his liking who would be controllable (the head of the ISI at the time).
Farhan Aslam also comments upon the ill-advised economic decisions of Sharif which made Pakistan’s situation from bad to worse. Moreover, he comments upon the Sharif family’s personal business empire and how it grew exponentially through questionable means.
The Lawyers’ Movement initially began as a result of the actions taken by General Musharraf on 9th March, 2007. Musharraf, after getting intelligence that Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry was conspiring with Nawaz Sharif to overthrow the government called for a meeting and asking him to resign or face “charges of misconduct”. The Chief Justice refused to resign and preferred to defend the charges. Within two months the movement took the path of Color Revolution, getting enormous funds from USA and other countries with the main aim of destabilizing Pakistan and forcing Musharraf out of office. The organization and publicity of the entire campaign is calculated to have cost around Rs 30 billion. How much did this cost Pakistan? There is no work done, however, a good estimate would be around US$ 100 billion.
Although the movement was jump started by Nawaz Sharif, on the way it became the main vehicle for USA to remove Musharraf who was not going for US backed Central Asian pipelines but leaning towards China. Bush Administration was convinced by Dick Cheney that if Musharraf stays in power China will get the Central Asian fuels. After Dick Cheney’s February 2007 visit of Islamabad and Kabul CIA starts working with RAW in Afghanistan to arm the suicide bombers and militants in the Red Mosque in Islamabad as the first phase. The process takes nearly a month during which time in a separate incident Musharraf dismisses the Chief Justice. Seeing the Lawyers Movement as a better vehicle, the American and Indian efforts turn from Red Mosque to the movement.
Another aspect of ousting Musharraf was his decision to clamp down on the drug trade through Pakistan. This would have affected above all, Ahmad Wali Karzai (younger brother of Afghan President Hamid Karzai) who earns an annual profit of US$ 1 billion (10% of total Afghan drug money), CIA’s black operations wing and its related US personnel. Thus it was the personal agenda of many in Bush Administration and Pakistan and Afghanistan’s US Embassies to get Musharraf out before he puts a stop to the highly lucrative drug trade.
Why Dick Cheney?
Early 2007 Musharraf had decided not to go for Unocal (now Chevron Corporation) and Halliburton backed Central Asian pipeline which would have cost Vice President Dick Cheney great sums of money. Thus a personal agenda was turned into a revolution. He tried all in his power to get Musharraf out within the tenure of his Vice Presidency and get Pakistani Government’s approval for the billions of dollars worth Central Asian pipeline to be built by Unocal and Halliburon.
Timeline of Lawyers’ Movement
30 Jun 2005: Mr Chaudhry is appointed chief justice, makes a speech talking of a “serious crisis of confidence between the people and the judiciary”.
March 2005: the Chinese National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) tries to acquire Unocal with a bid that valued Unocal at between $16 billion and $18 billion. Following a vote in the United States House of Representatives, the bid was referred to President George Bush, on the grounds that its implications for national security needed to be reviewed. CNOOC withdrew its bid. Soon after, Unocal merged with Chevron.
18 Jul 2005: The Indo-U.S. civilian nuclear agreement, known also as the Indo-US Nuclear Deal, refers to a bilateral accord on civil nuclear cooperation between the United States of America and the Republic of India.
23 Jun 2006: Supreme Court of Pakistan stops privatization of Pakistan Steel Mills.
26 Feb 2007: Dick Cheney visits Pakistan for few hours . Mr. Cheney traveled with the deputy director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Steve Kappes. Just hours after Vice President Dick Cheney delivered a stiff private message to President Pervez Musharraf in Pakistan, the Pakistani government lashed out with a series of statements insisting that “Pakistan does not accept dictation from any side or any source”.
9 Mar 2007: Musharraf removes Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry, after the agencies find sufficient proof that he was conspiring with Nawaz Sharif against the government. Nawaz Sharif had promised to make him the President of Pakistan once he becomes the PM.
12 Mar 2007: Lawyers begin boycott of court cases and protests in support of Mr Chaudhry. Nawaz Sharif pumps millions of his own dollars into the lawyers protests. A major portion of this booty goes to Munir A. Malik and Aitzaz Ahsan as their “consultation fee”.
13 Mar 2007: Mr Chaudhry appears before a closed hearing of senior judges to answer allegations against him.
15 Mar 2007: An accute shortage of black colored jackets and coats appear throughout the country. Prices of black colored cloths and coats sky rocket because of the demand. (The Reason: Thousands of people are buying black coats which represent lawyers uniform ahead of the protests in the country).
16 Mar 2007: Violence breaks out at Islamabad rally in support of Mr Chaudhry.
27 Mar 2007: President Musharraf tells rally in Rawalpindi that no one will be allowed to politically exploit Mr Chaudhry’s suspension.
27 Mar 2007: Burqa-clad female students from the mosque’s Jamia Hafsa school abduct three women they accuse of running a brothel. The women are released after they “repent”.
30 Mar 2007: Authorities shut down an illegal FM radio station set up by the students and hardline clerics to propagate their strict version of Islam.
18 May 2007: Red Mosque students seize four policemen and demand that authorities release 11 comrades being held in detention. The four policemen are later freed.
9 Jun 2007: Benazir summoned senior party members to Dubai on 9 June 2007 for a ‘briefing’ by a team from the US Democratic Party’s National Democratic Institute (NDI), ostensibly on the subject of elections in Pakistan. The ruling Republican Party’s International Republican Institute (IRI) had conducted the previous four ‘briefings’ in June and September 2006 and March and April 2007. Benazir leaned towards the Democratic Party in the last one no doubt as a hedge against the party’s possible victory at the forthcoming US Presidential Election.
23 Jun 2007: Students kidnap nine people, including six Chinese women, and accuse them of running a brothel. They are released after about 17 hours.
3 Jul 2007: the stand-off between the students barricaded inside the Red Mosque (Lal Masjid) and the government results in bloody gun battles.
8 Jul 2007: The standoff between the Pakistani government and the clerics of the Lal Masjid in Islamabad finally broke down on the morning of 8 July 2007. Government storms the mosque. The government managed to recover 1,300 men, women and children during the operation. Some of these women, who were recovered safely on the last day of the operation, had their written death wishes with them. Six hundred suicide bombers are present in Karachi revealed Qasim Toori and Danish alias Talha during interrogations by law-enforcement agencies. Most of the suicide bombers are also former students of Islamabad’s Lal Masjid.
17 Jul 2007: Assassination attempt is made on Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry however, he escapes.
20 Jul 2007: the Supreme Court of Pakistan restored the Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry with full dignity and authority.
24 Jul 2007: Abdullah Mehsud is killed by Pakistani security forces.
20 Aug 2007: Ifikhar Mohammad threatened Tariq Pervez (the director-general of Pakistan’s Federal Investigation Agency) with jail if he did not produce ghost detainee Hafiz Abdul Basit. Chief Justice Chaudhry ordered “He must be produced today or you will be sent to the lock-up.” Under this threat he was released by the intelligence agencies. Hafiz Basit was later implicated by Musharaff government in the assassination of Ms Bhutto.
Sep 2007: Benazir visited the Senate in September 2007, she had convinced the Bush Administration of her unswerving loyalty; for ’she received a standing ovation from a select gathering of US lawmakers, diplomats, academics and media representatives. This contrasted sharply with her previous visits to the US capital when she received little attention.’
Three weeks later Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made it appear the Bush Administration wished to bring together ‘moderate’ forces, implying a scenario in which Musharraf and Benazir would join forces as President and Prime Minister respectively; and Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte corroborated Rice: ‘Our message’, he intoned, ‘is that we want to work with the government and people of Pakistan’.
18 Oct 2007: An assassination attempt on Benazir Bhutto is made (2007 Karachi Bombing) but she survives. President Parvez Gen Musharraf calls the attack on Ms Bhutto’s convoy was a “conspiracy against democracy”(hinting towards the US involvement towards overthrowing the government).
3 Nov 2007: Musharraf imposed state of emergency. Constitution was suspended. Sixty independent judges were dismissed. Intelligence agencies start systematically killing behind the scene key players in the conspiracy to overthrow the government. Some of these include: Zubair Ahmed Mujahid (shot dead 23 Nov).
5 Nov 2007: Police raided the Lahore High Court Bar Association (LHCBA). After baton charging and throwing tear gas into the premises, arrested more than 800 lawyers.
In the wake of the imposition of emergency rule in Pakistan, on November 14, 2007, the Harvard Law School Association decided to award its highest honour, the Medal of Freedom, to Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, following the military crackdown the previous week. He becomes the first Pakistani to be presented with such honour.
The National Law Journal picked Mr. Chaudhry as the lawyer of the year for 2007.
The Association of the Bar of the City of New York granted Iftikhar Chaudhry an honorary membership in the association on Nov. 17, 2008, recognizing him as a “symbol of the movement for judicial and lawyer independence in Pakistan.”
27 Dec 2007: Benazir Bhutto is assassinated while Nawaz Sharif escapes an assassination attempt. The two attempts are very different in nature. Benazir Bhutto is assassinated in a typical CIA style while Nawaz Sharif’s attack was more like a domestic killing. It is obvious that Asif Ali Zardari acted on his own to carry out Nawaz Sharif’s assassination. Following Benazir’s assassination planned riots, looting and chaos errupts simultaneously throughout the country. Within a week the country looses nearly 10 billion dollars.
9 Mar 2008: leaders of political parties Asif Ali Zardari , Pakistan Peoples Party and Nawaz Sharif Pakistan Muslim League signed an agreement to restore the judges within 300 days of formation of national government. Zardari backed out and the coalition failed to restore the judges.
24 Mar 2008: Yousuf Raza Gilani ordered, soon after being elected Prime Minister, that all detained judges be released.
12 Mar 2008: was another deadline for restoring the judges but nothing was done. This was the second commitment the government backed out from after the initial deadline of ‘within 30 days of formation of government’ which ended on 30 April, 2008.
14 Jun 2008: A long march is held by the lawyers.
7 Jul 2008: ISI explodes a bomb outside Indian Embassy in Kabul killing Brigadier Ravi Datt Mehta who had coordinated the mayhem in Pakistan in December 2007.
3 Aug 2008: PM Yusuf Raza Gillani visits US.
8 Aug 2008: ruling coalition leaders Sharif and Zardari once more agree to restore Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry as the chief justice if Musharraf resigns. But when Musharraf steped down, Zardari backed out of the deal for the third time.
18 Aug 2008: Musharraf resigns.
Foreign investment and funds in the revolution stops at this point.
25 Aug 2008: PML-N leaves the coalition government.
6 Sept 2008: Asif Ali Zardari is elected the President of Pakistan by the parliament.
11 Mar 2009: Several hundred lawyers and opposition party’s political workers and leaders were arrested. Ban was placed on rallies and protests in two of the Pakistan’s four provinces.
12 Mar 2009: Lawyers, political workers and civil society gather in several cities for the Long March to Islamabad. Scuffle with police, hundred of arrests were made, none allowed to leave their cities for Islamabad.
15 Mar 2009: authorities placed Nawaz Shairf, Atizaz Ahsan and many other leaders under house arrest. Shairf broke through the road blocks with his supporters and came out on the roads in Lahore to begin the Long March. This is believed to be the turning point of the movement Thousands of people joined the rally.
Midnight 15/16 March, 2009 government gave when thousands of people moved towards Islamabad lead by Nawaz Sharif. Iftikhar Mohammed Chaudhry was restored as Chief Justice of Pakistan and other judges dismissed by Musharraf.
US and Canadian Involvement
During the Lawyers’ Movement a completely new dimension of indrect involvement of USA in overthrowing a government was seen. The prominent of these were:
33 US Senators wrote to President Musharraf to release Barrister Aitzaz Ahsan immediately.
The US magazine Foreign Policy named Aitzaz Ahsan as one of the top 100 public intellectuals in the world in May 2008.
In early 2007, Musharraf was extremely popular. According to a US survey, IRI President General Musharraf was more popular in Pakistan than opposition leaders Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif. Around 37 per cent of the respondents were of the view that Musharraf’s supported PML-Q deserved to be re-elected. However, by August 2007, after the lawyers Judicial Activism started, Musharraf became slightly unpopular in Pakistan due to persistent media efforts and anti-Musharraf talk shows. An International Republican Institute survey, taken of 3000 people, showed that 64 percent of the population did not want another term to be granted to Musharraf as the president of Pakistan.
USAID spent more than US$ 150 million (part of the American fund on terrorism which is “given” to Pakistan) within a year on helpding the movement.
GEO TV which charges Rs. 100,000 per minute of air time showed continued transmissions of upto 30 hours. During the year the channel was spending more money than it showed in its tax returns. The only unaccounted profit was for “Voice of America” show. But whatever GEO TV was getting for airing the show it was enough to turn higher profits than airing aids for 30 hours (=Rs. 180,000,000 or US$ 3 million). And we are taking about this much money every day.
Why was Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) distributing funds during the movement is anybody’s guess?
Impact of Lawyers’ Movement
Pakistan’s economy suffered gravely, government focus shifted from work and economy to non-violent solution for the lawyers. PML-N was already fully involved from the onset, however, other political parties also jumped on the band wagon causing more disruption in daily life. The poorest and daily labourers suffered the most because of strike calls and road blockages.
The real story on the road was that poorest don’t wake up every morning to see Iftikhar Choudhry wearing a black suite, sunglasses, sitting in a new car parading on the streets of Pakistan, the poorest wake up and hope for a better day, a day in which they can increase their earnings and support their family, bring food to the table, they don’t want to see the roads blocked and strikes called which stop them from earning their daily livelihoods.
As the riots and protests were held in the summer months, the intense head resulted in numerous deaths and hospital admissions because of heat exhaustion, nearly all of which were small time lawyers and their family members travelling either on foot or in non-airconditioned cars.
However, the behind the scene aim of ousting Parvez Musharraf was achieved at the end.
Go Musharraf Go
Interestingly enough the salogans along the protests were not anything like “bring back Iftikhar Chaudhry” but they were “Go Musharraf Go, Go Musharraf Go.” The questions need to be answered that if the lawyers really wanted Iftikhar Chaudhry reinstated then why were they continuously chanting “Go Musharraf Go”.
Also, there were sixty judges dismissed however, only one was being paraded around and continuously given coverage and publicity.
Asif Zardari’s friends
Aitzaz Ahsan – earned world-wide fame, became a hero in Pakistan – monetary benefits yet to come
Munir A. Malik – earned tens of millions of dollars
There were some indirect beneficiaries of the entire movement such as:
Or in other words, Losers.
Benazir Bhutto (assassinated 27 December 2007) – she was in for power
Pervez Musharraf – out of office
Syed Hammad Raza (shot dead 14 May 2007) – he was in to get an important political seat
Kenneth Scott Andrew (murdered 8 April 2007) – to get promoted
Zubair Ahmed Mujahid (shot dead 23 Nov) – to get promoted
Dick Cheney – did not get the pipeline deal
Brigadier Ravi Datt Mehta (assassinated 7 July 2008) – to get promoted to Major General
Unless you are as cunning and conniving as Munir A. Malik or Aitzaz Ahsan in a high level and stakes conspiracy you are very probable to end up dead. Don’t play for emotions or ego, play for money and you will win.