Pakistan: Total Power Generation Capacity 19,855. Demand: 14,500 MW. Why the Load Shedding Then?

Life with the current load-shedding is becoming unbearable. There is no relief from the menacingly long spells of power outages is in sight. Cities and towns across the country are facing 14 to 18 hours of unscheduled load shedding and still failing to protest which goes to prove patience of the nation.

There is no plausible explanation from any quarter for the phenomenon. Some official sources say that many of the units are unable to generate power because of absence of gas and oil. Six power plants — Chashma, Orient, Saif, Sapphire, Hallmore and Rouche — had not been generating power for several weeks because of unavailability of gas and oil. Hydel production has dipped causing long hours of power outages in major parts of the country.

Pakistan needs 9500MW of electricity. It is presently facing a shortfall of more than 2500MW.

The industrial sector of any country always plays an instrumental role in not only earning foreign exchange but also in providing job opportunities but unfortunately long hours of load shedding has destroyed each and every thing.

In this age of severe competition when most countries are providing concessions and incentives to their industrial sectors, in Pakistan the picture is bleak because every day we face long hours of load shedding.

Pakistan has three sources of energy, namely hydel, thermal (gas/ steam/ furnace oil) and nuclear.

There are four major power producers in country: WAPDA (Water & Power Development Authority), KESC (Karachi Electric Supply Company), IPPs (Independent Power Producers) and PAEC (Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission).

The break-up of the installed capacity of each of these power producers (as of June-2008) is as follows:


a. WAPDA Hydel
Tarbela                                                                             3478  MW
Mangla                                                                              1000  MW
Ghazi – Barotha                                                              1450   MW
Warsak                                                                                 243  MW
Chashma                                                                              184  MW
Dargai                                                                                     20  MW
Rasul                                                                                       22 MW
Shadi-Waal                                                                            18   MW
Nandi pur                                                                               14  MW
Kurram Garhi                                                                         4  MW
Renala                                                                                       1  MW
Chitral                                                                                       1  MW
Jagran (AK)                                                                           30  MW


    Total Hydel                                        ==>                     6,461 MW



WAPDA Thermal
Gas Turbine Power Station, Shahdra                              59  MW
Steam Power Station, Faisalabad                              132   MW
Gas Turbine Power Station, Faisalabad                   244   MW
Gas Power Station, Multan                                            195   MW
Thermal Power Station, Muzaffargarh                    1350   MW
Thermal Power Station, Guddu                                  1655  MW
Gas Turbine Power Station, Kotri                                174  MW
Thermal Power Station, Jamshoro                              850  MW
Thermal Power Station, Larkana                                  150  MW
Thermal Power Station, Quetta                                       35  MW
Gas Turbine Power Station, Panjgur                              39  MW
Thermal Power Station, Pasni                                          17  MW

    Total Thermal                           ==>                             4811  MW

WAPDA’s Total Hydel + Thermal capacity is  ==>   11,272 MW 

Karachi Electric Supply Company
Thermal Power Station, Korangi                                         316  MW
Gas Turbine Power Station, Korangi                                   80  MW
Gas Turbine Power Station, SITE                                        100  MW
Thermal Power Station, Bin Qasim                                   1260  MW


Total (KESC)                                              ==>                   1756  MW

Independent Power Producers (IPPs)

Hub Power Project                                                                    1292 MW
AES Lalpir Ltd, Mahmood Kot Muzaffargar                      362 MW
AES Pak Gen, Mahmood Kot Muzaffargar                          365 MW
Altern Energy Ltd, Attock                                                          29 MW
Fauji Kabirwala Power Company, Khanewal                    157 MW
Gul Ahmad Energy Ltd, Korangi                                            136 MW
Habibullah Coastal Power Limited                                        140 MW
Japan Power Generation, Lahore                                          120 MW
Kohenoor Energy Limited, Lahore                                       131 MW
Liberty Power Limited, Ghotki                                               232 MW
Rousch Power, Khanewal                                                         412 MW
Saba Power Company, Sheikhupura                                    114 MW
Southern Electric Power Company Limited, Raiwind   135 MW
Tapal Energy Limited, Karachi                                               126 MW
Uch Power Limited, Dera Murad Jamali, Nasirabad     586 MW
Attock Gen Limited, Morgah Rawalpindi                           165 MW
Atlas Power, Sheikhupura                                                         225 MW
Engro Energy Limited, Karachi                                              —– MW
Kot Addu Power Company Limited (Privatized)           1638 MW

Total  (IPPs)                                       ===>                        6365 MW



Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
KANUPP                                                                                         137  MW
CHASNUPP-1                                                                                325  MW

Total (Nuclear)                                  ===>                       462  MW

Hydel electricity generated by WAPDA varies between two extremities, i.e., between minimum of 2,414 MW and maximum of 6,761 MW depending upon the river flow.

Total Power Generation Capacity of Pakistan (including all sources) is 19,855 MW and the electricity demand (as of April 2010) is 14,500 MW and PEPCO is merely generating 10,000 MW.

So it is obvious that these 15-20 hrs power shutdowns in most parts of the country are not because of the lack of generation capacity but due to the incompetency of the present government.

The Power generation companies are not buying furnace oil from PSO by saying they don’t have money to do that but Pakistanis are all paying for electricity that is generated from furnace oil.

This is the reason that top refineries like PRL are operating at 40% of their capacities.

43 Responses

  1. The power genrating capacity is given in MW . Is it per day or is here is any other time unit involved in this?

  2. Sorry I don’t know………..If any one know then please send me via email

  3. the total power generation in MW means that this much power is available during the operation of this power generation system.

    its nothing more than bad governance.

  4. where is Habib Waqas Power Generation Balloki Kasur.
    and Nishat Power Plant Kasur. these two which i know not included in data?


  6. abid,
    this energy crises is because of miss managment and dely in starting project on time.second thing total population is currupt.
    people who’s doing goverment on us they r currupt and their forfather
    are freedom fighters.that mean history is totaly wrong first they have their own intrest.

  7. The capacity MW is instant, not days, hours, minutes

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  9. Megawatt (MW) is a unit of power. this is just the power generation capacity and cannot be measured in time. The time measure would be the unit of energy which is megawatt-hours (MWh).

    there are 8760 hours in a year.
    so a 1 MW plant would generate 8760 MWh in a year at 100% capacity.

    But if you insist on a unit, i suppose one can say that a 1 MW power generating plant can generate 1MW/hour of energy.

  10. absolutely

  11. Because some of us want it free… and don’t want to pay…Then how this business will run.

  12. because there is difference between the word Capacity and actual production….

  13. i can;t understand till now that all these producers of electricity are privat or govt.

  14. Before the pervez Musharaf government total power production was 13000 MWs and consumption was about 12000 MWs.when Musharaf took over the charge, maximum villages were powered by electricity.that time the total comsumption was increased upto 15000 Mws.therfore he provided some rental power to overcome the shortfall.after rental power the prodution become near about to 15000 Mws and the problems was solved.but after musharaf govrnmnt zardari destroyed everything even the rental power system.after distruction of rental power the consumption rate is the same as 15000 Mws but production fall to again 10000MWs.thats why the inocent pakistani people face the 5000Mws shortage of electricity in shape of 18 to 20 Hrs load shedding.

  15. The information provided there is awesome.Thanks! you revealed this article,
    composed seriously ,its extremely wonderful.feel frre to visit my website


  16. What was the power generation capacity in 2008 when PPP took over and what is it now?

  17. I cannot understand why the Zardari Government denies to buy power from Iran ? And when it is subsidised ? Can there be a question of commision more then ten porcent ?

  18. I cant understand what the zarrdari want at this time economy of pakistan is stand on very dangreous way.
    May i pray to Allah save my country I love pakistan.

    • not only zardari but bloody bitch fucking zardari becoz he destroyed my land , my
      mom and my motherland

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  20. zardari aik bemaari ka nam hai oar ye bemari hai curraption to ye bemaari pakistan ko lag chuki hai so iss ka illaag america k pass hai agr vo chahay to iss bemaari ka illaag kr skta hai agr na chahay to or be ziyada laga skata hai jo vo mazeed laga raha hai
    zara sochain k ye kaisy bemaari hai k iss ka nuksaan zardari ko nehn hota balkay gareeb logon ko hota hai

  21. PTI will solve all problems

  22. “Pakistan: Total Power Generation Capacity 19,855.
    Demand: 14,500 MW. Why the Load Shedding Then?
    | ALAIWAH!” ended up being a great post. If only there were considerably more web blogs just like this specific one on the internet.
    Anyhow, thanks a lot for ur time, Akilah

  23. dont tention dear
    pakistan zindabad

  24. bhai ap ki baat to theek hy, koi 2013 ki state of demand and prodution b to btay,

  25. actualy, we are all curret, we do,nt want any sincere and honest leadership.
    kion k hum sab k en gande logon se mfad wabasta hn, jin k kisi hakoomat se mtlb poore ho rahe hote hn wo us k geet gate hn aur jin ko kucch ni milta sirf wo rote hn

  26. bangladesh has no load-shadding @@[1:[]]

  27. Note that for hydro production, the water availability limits the effectiveness of the hydro capacity. For example, 1000 MW of hydro capacity (power), the total annual energy would be 1000 MW x 8766 hours x water availability = 8766000 MWh x availability = 8766 GWh/year x availability. For 50% availability (capacity factor) this would reduce the energy supply to 4383 GWh/year. In other words, the hydro capacity can be directly compared to the demand.

  28. Govt. Generating power through Water , Nuclear & Through wapda thermal.Total cost of this electricity is not more RS. 4. If we include line losses & theft its cost is Max. RS.5 . But rate is RS. 17. Mashallah.

  29. Sounds very strange.

  30. it Mega Watt hour Mwh

  31. […] Total Power Generation Capacity 19,855 +1775( new nuclear plants) =21630 MW […]

  32. total capacity generation 22797 MW oil(35 percent)
    nuclear and solar(6)
    short fall 4000 MW to 5000 MW
    government is working very fast
    but no result

  33. Without Kalabagh (3600 MW), Diamer Basha (4500 MW), Bunji (7100MW), Dasu (4300 MW), Munda Dam (1000 MW), it is very very difficult but impossible to avoid electricity shortages at cheaper rates. Electricity due to thermal, gas, oil, nuclear is very expensive and all the extra expenses is borne by the govt. Pray for constructing the above projects on priority basis.

  34. i am trying to find out exact percentage of electricity generating with different resources like Oil,gass,necular,solar etc.if any of you know about this current update kindly share this information with me (must be accurate).

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